What do we mean by “location analytics”? Let me explain the term in a generalized manner (which isn’t necessarily the route taken by all companies involved) so we don’t get bogged down in IT jargon. It all starts when a smartphone comes within range of a wireless Internet hub. At this point, the Wi-Fi router detects the mobile’s 16-digit signature (unique to that phone) and vice versa. No information is exchanged between the two machines; it’s simply a handshake to acknowledge each other’s presence.
Now imagine you install Wi-Fi repeater nodes at, say, 100-foot (30-meter) intervals throughout your lobby floor — a large enough distance between the disparate nodes so their ranges don’t overlap. As a smartphone travels throughout the space, it will be shaking hands and be greeted by whichever node it happens to be in the presence of at that time. And as smartphones tend not to move on their own but remain in the hands or pocket of an actual person, tracking each unique mobile’s displacement from node to node gives a truthful account of a visitor’s real-time movement through the lobby. Most sophisticated nodes can also detect the relative signal strength from your cellular — that is, its distance from the node — and translate that into an individual’s physical position accurate to within a foot.
Moreover, these smartphone greetings are time-sensitive. That is, the smartphone doesn’t just shake hands with a Wi-Fi hub then disconnect; they shake each other’s hands until they are no longer within range of one another, which in 99.99% of cases will mean the person carrying the cell phone walks away. Hence, with neatly installed Wi-Fi repeater nodes, a hotel can track a visitor’s movement through a property as well as how long they spend at each location.
All this depends, of course, on an individual having a smartphone on his or her person and that this mobile actually be powered on with its Wi-Fi detection enabled. Given that having Wi-Fi detection on is the default mode and nowadays most people in the First World would probably consider themselves “naked” without their smartphones on them at all times, the absence of a Wi-Fi-enabled mobile on each and every visitor is an increasingly rare scenario.
Now think of the possibilities for hotels. The power of location analytics rests with aggregating users in a Big Data-type manner — that is, measuring thousands or millions of unique smartphone movements within a monthly, quarterly or yearly period. And this can yield some very fascinating results for hotels; the more Big Brother knows about your every move, the better he can help you with your operational goals.
First and foremost, you can develop aggregate heat maps for a property, displaying the highly trafficked areas of your hotel in addition to the “flow” or pathway a guest is most likely to take on his or her way to the elevator corridor, lobby bar or gym facilities. Such heat maps can also be temporal in nature, showing how long the average customer spends at certain locations. These sorts of visual data productions can then be used to ask a series of very probing questions.
For instance, why is your second restaurant continually failing to meet sales targets? Could it be simply that it is out of sight and earshot from the regular flow of consumers? Next, why is one of the most frequent questions asked at the front desk about the location of the lobby-floor washrooms? Like the second restaurant, perhaps they aren’t near the most common guest pathways, and a well-placed sign or staff member could remedy this issue. Why is it that most visitors to the spa who leave within five minutes have a 20% chance of approaching the front desk or concierge immediately afterwards? And naturally stemming from this inquiry, is there anything a concierge should say to his or her customers to explore this issue?
As yet another example, you notice that by far the most frequently sold items in your gift shop are those situated on the rack closest to the store’s entrance. How would a temporal heat map further elucidate this observation? Perhaps less than 10% of visitors actually reach and browse the back aisles while, in the same vein, the average consumer spends more than 75% of his or her time around that front rack. Would it be too radical to suggest a rearrangement of the floor plan to increase the traffic flow towards the back of the gift shop?
These questions and inferences are barely scratching the surface as to the power of Big Data location analytics. This system of measurements can also be increasingly handy for building quantitative deductions that support one of your intuitive hunches.
Keep in mind, this isn’t a panacea insofar as you can’t truly align specific customers with dollars spent onsite. Again, this is because smartphone handshakes are kept anonymous — the Wi-Fi nodes will interpret your cellular as just another phone and not, for example, Guest From Room 237’s Mobile. Location-analytics software is capable of matching smartphones with credit-card information, but this would be violating a slew of privacy laws (at least here in North America).
The gift-shop example works because it attempts to correlate the sales for the whole store with the entirety of consumers who enter the premises, whether they make a purchase or not. Inquiring about, say, why patrons at your main restaurant who stay more than two hours for dinner aren’t significantly more likely to buy desserts or additional drinks compared to those who spend less than two hours presupposes that you know how long each visitor stays (which is legally attainable using location analytics) as well as what each visitor buys based upon their smartphone’s unique signature (a big no-no as far as the U.S. government is concerned).
To conclude, think about what questions you’d like to have answered about your property, and location analytics might have the answer you need. Plus, it has networking power — the more smartphone users and the more properties that install detection systems, the more valuable this technology becomes. Adapt now, and surely location analytics will help you solve operational problems and build a better guest experience.